Honours Thesis - The University of Western Australia


Driven Pipe Piles in Dense Sand

Piles are often driven open ended into dense sand with the aim of increasing the ease of penetration of the pile. Generally, the pile tip contains an internal driving shoe in order to allow soil to enter the pile, forming a soil plug. The type of shoe influences the length of the soil plug and the ease of penetration of the pile. The report describes the results of field tests undertaken on a 2.2 m long, by 51 mm diameter, pile, fitted with five different driving shoes and driven into dense sand. Dynamic and static load tests showed good correlations between the type of driving shoe, plug formation rate, and eventual end bearing capacity. It was found that the dynamic measurements provided a lower bound estimate of the axial capacity. The measured capacities were significantly higher than those estimated from current design codes.